Urethritis is the inflammation of the urethra, the small tube that is connected to the bladder. The urethra is responsible for carrying urine and semen out of the male body. When urethritis occurs, it is frequently caused by a viral or bacterial infection. The condition affects women more often than men, but men of any age can suffer from this painful condition as well. The lining of the urethra is often affected by the same bacteria that invade the genitals, kidneys, and bladder. When any type of inflammation occurs in the urinary tract, it can cause considerable discomfort.
The Adenovirus is a virus that can cause a broad range of viral infections, including pink eye, sore throat, colds, diarrhea, bronchitis, pneumonia, gastroenteritis, and urethritis. While it is not a common cause of urethritis, studies have shown a small number of cases in which men were infected by adenovirus, possibly transmitted through the close contact of a sexual partner. Adenovirus is not a sexually transmitted disease, but it is passed on through coughing, sneezing, and touching.
Adenovirus urethritis is diagnosed by a physician. The first step is to make an appointment for an evaluation. A doctor will ask questions and perform a thorough examination. A urine sample can indicate the presence of the adenovirus in a man’s system, linking symptoms of urethritis with the virus. A sample can be taken from the urethra itself and discharge can be tested for additional information.
Symptoms and Treatment
Symptoms of adenovirus urethritis include a painful, burning sensation during urination. There may be blood present in the urine or semen. The opening of the penis is often affected as well, causing a burning sensation. Itching is also a typical symptom when it comes to the opening of the penis. Discharge may be released from the penis that resembles mucous. Adenovirus urethritis treatment includes increasing fluid intake. Men affected by this condition should drink at least 64 ounces of water a day. Cranberry juice has been found to be helpful in relieving the symptoms of urethritis. Men should take care with hygiene and use soaps that are free of any type of irritant that could aggravate the condition. It is recommended to avoid soda or any type of beverages with carbonation while symptoms are still present. Spermicides should be avoided because they can cause irritation. Sexual intercourse should be avoided until symptoms go away to avoid further irritation and inflammation of the urethra. Symptoms generally clear up within a week. However, men should see their physician again if the condition does not improve or actually worsens. Persistent symptoms may indicate that another problem is causing the condition or a bacterial infection has set in. Men with a history of urethritis must stay on top of the condition to avoid future outbreaks.
image courtesy of “Female and Male Urethra” by OpenStax College – Anatomy & Physiology, Connexions Web site. http://cnx.org/content/col11496/1.6/, Jun 19, 2013.. Licensed under CC BY 3.0 via Commons https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Female_and_Male_Urethra.jpg#/media/File:Female_and_Male_Urethra.jpg