Agamid adenovirus (Agamid AdV1, or AgAdV1) is mostly confined to the captive Inland Bearded Dragon (Pogona vitticeps), and is widespread in that population. It was first reported in New Zealand in 1982 and since then has been found in Germany, Australia, Japan, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and Central America. It is often comorbid (exists alongside) with other infections. The genotype differentiation of AgAdV1 has been published here.
Agamid Adenovirus Transmission
Agamid adenovirus appears to spread by contact with feces (oral-fecal) in breeding operations and is widespread in captive breeding programs. It is present in juvenile and adult Bearded Dragons. Even if an animal shows no outward signs of the virus, they may still be carriers. In fact, most agamids are believed to be sub-clinically infected with the virus. The University of Florida and the University of Illinois are at present researching this disease. The disease is widespread throughout the United States, to the point where some breeders have been forced to cease operations. It is vital that if you suspect your animals to be infected, to speak with a veterinarian who is properly qualified to offer support.
Agamid Adenovirus Symptoms
Symptoms range from sub-clinical to enteritis to death. Co-infection with other viruses may exist and probably play a role in the outward observance of disease. If you suspect your agamid may be infected, it is vital to seek professional medical advice. Because AgAdV1 is highly contagious and can show no outward symptoms in some animals, care must be taken to not spread the disease to other, healthy animals.
Agamid Adenovirus Treatment
There is no known treatment other than supportive symptomatic care. Improper diet, insufficient ambient temperature, overcrowding, and stress may all contribute to more obvious outward symptoms of AgAdV1. Therefore it is important to properly care for agamids who are not presenting with any viral infections, and to provide symptomatic care to those who are sick.