Every year, around the beginning of September, people begin to worry about cold and flu season. This concern tends to last through winter and may even reach panic level when the media report rising illness levels or the Center for Disease Control puts out a warning to be aware of a particular bug. Viral infections such as the H1N1 flu virus have received worldwide attention and caused panic due to the seriousness of the virus and the lack of real and credible information about the virus. In this article we will help you to prevent viral infections.
What Are Viruses?
Viruses are submicroscopic , often disease-causing, DNA or RNA molecules that depend on living cells to reproduce and grow. Viral infections are caused by
viruses but may be confused with bacterial infections. It is important to recognize the difference because bacterial infections are treated by antibiotics which are not effective against a viral infection.
What Are Some Examples Of Viruses?
The common cold and flu are two of the most recognized types of viruses as they are aerosolized (air-borne) and are transmitted fairly eaily from person to person. Adenovirus is commonly confused with the common cold because of the similar symptoms. If not noticed and treated, complications can arise in the form of ear infections, pneumonia, meningitis or even skin rash. Viruses such as HIV and hepatitis B are blood-borne and must be transmitted by more direct or intimate contact such as fluid to fluid transfer through intercourse.
What Are Some Viral Infection Symptoms?
The cold: Also known as a viral upper respiratory tract infection, the cold has more than 200 strain variations. Symptoms include nasal stuffiness and/or
drainage, sneezing and sore throat. Headaches and a fever may accompany it. Typically, a cold will last from a couple of days to a couple of weeks.
Influenza (the flu): This viral infection causes people who are suffering from the flu to be more sickly, display fever, chills, dry cough, headaches, body aches and extreme tiredness.
Adenovirus: This viral infection affects small children more frequently than any other age population and will usually show up more than once in a person’s life. Symptoms can include swollen lymph nodes, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach cramping, urinary tract infection, and pinkeye. Symptoms may take up to two weeks to appear once a person has been exposed to the virus.
What Are The Most Effective Ways To Treat A Virus?
There really is no viral infection treatment that will cure viruses such as the common cold, the flu, or adenovirus. However, there are products and measures available to lessen the discomfort. Resting and drinking fluids are the most effective methods to a quick recovery. Acetaminophen and ibuprofen work well for
fever and pain reduction. A cool-mist humidifier can be used to lessen chest congestion. Treating a particular viral infection largely depends on symptoms. See your doctor when in doubt.
What Are Some Ways To Prevent Catching A Virus?
Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water often. Do not share utensils or drinks. Use a hand sanitizer when soap and water is unavailable. Eat properly, and get adequate rest.