Rhinoviruses are very common and include the Adenovirus. Rhinoviruses can cause the common cold and often irritate the nose, throat, and lungs. Rhinoviruses thrive in temperatures like those found in the nose. They are part of the Picornaviridae class of viruses and are among some of the smallest viruses known. There are around 99 different serotypes of Rhinoviruses.
Rhinoviruses can be really contagious especially during cold and flu season. They are also able to live outside the body on different surfaces for up to three hours. The rhinovirus can be transmitted through infected respiratory droplets that are in the air.
Preventing rhinovirus infection
Because of its high contagiousness, it is always a good idea to wash your hands frequently during cold and flu season. This is especially true before you eat or before you touch your eyes, nose, or mouth. Rhinoviruses find their path of entry into the body through the eyes, nose, and mouth.
Symptoms of Rhinovirus Infection
There are many different symptoms associated with the rhinovirus. These include runny nose, cough, sore throat, sneezing, and nasal congestion. Other symptoms may also be present and can include fatigue, muscle aches, headaches, and loss of appetite. Children are more prone to acquiring a rhinovirus infection, perhaps because of the close confines of the classroom. The virus is also more prevalent during the winter months as people tend to be closer to each other, thereby enabling the virus to be transmitted easily.
Overcoming a rhinovirus infection requires time. Plenty of rest, fluids, and time will help a person to overcome the rhinovirus. Additionally, antihistamines and nasal decongestants can help to ease a persons’ symptoms. Staying home from work and keeping children out of school when sick will help to prevent the spread of the virus to other people.
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