Sinusitis is a condition observed when a person has a lot of swelling in the tissues of their sinuses. This generally occurs when the sinuses are blocked and can sometimes lead to an infection in the sinus cavity. There are four different types of sinusitis. The first type is called acute sinusitis and is also known as acute rhinosinusitis. This can be triggered when you are suffering from a cold, allegies, bacteria, and fungal infections. The second type is called subacute sinusitis. This is when a person will have less severe symptoms which may include post-nasal drip and nasal congestion. It can last up to eight weeks. The third type is chronic sinusitis. This is when the symptoms will last longer than 8 weeks and the person will often have similar symptons to subacute sinusitis. The difference being that with chronic sinusitis symptoms may last longer than eight weeks. The final type is recurrent sinusitis. This is when a person will have several attacks of sinusitis throughout the year, usually three or more. This can be caused by recurrent forms of bacteria or an improperly treated previous case of sinusitis.
There are several different symptoms when a person is suffering from sinusitis. These include:
- Pain or pressure in the facial area
- Stuffiness in the nasal cavity
- Nasal discharge
- Loss of smell
- Cough and/or chest congestion
- Bad breath
- Weakness and fatigue
- Dental pain such as a toothache
Frequent Causes of Sinusitis
There are a lot of causes of sinusitis. These include:
- Allergic reaction which causes an infection. Allergies such as hayfever, and dust or pollen allergies.
- Crooked septum that has a history of blocking the nasal passage.
- Various medical conditions such as Cystic Fibrosis, Gastroesophageal Reflux, or HIV. These conditions can block the nasal cavity
making it more susceptible to infection.
- Facial trauma such as a broken bone.
- Respiratory tract infection. Sometimes these infections can stop mucus from properly draining which can cause the infection.
- Eosinophils, which is a condition that effects the immune system cells of the sinus cavity.
There are several treatments for sinusitis which can include the following:
Antihistamines such as Allegra, Benadryl, and Claritin. Sometimes a doctor may prescribe a medication for more serious cases of Sinusitis. These can include Clarinex and Xyzal. Decongestants may also be used in the treatment of Sinusitis. Over the counter forms of decongestants can include Zyrtec and Sudafed. Sometimes nasal sprays may be prescribed by a doctor for certain types of allergies, such as an anticholinergic spray. Steroid sprays may also be prescribed by a doctor and must be used with care as they are very strong forms of medication. Allergy eye drops may also be prescribed.